Animal Physical Therapy Treatment(s)

After the initial evaluation, the therapist in collaboration with the referring veterinarian will establish a plan of treatment, which may include several of the following therapy treatments. Factors considered in selecting appropriate treatment include the dog’s diagnosis, severity of symptoms, age, temperament, training, and activity level:

Intervention Description Used for:
Cold/cryotherapy Ice pack or ice massage decreases blood flow, relieves pain and swelling/inflammation Acute soft tissue injuries, fractures, post surgery
Electrical stimulation for muscle re-education Electrical stimulation which elicits a muscle contraction Preventing atrophy, strengthening weak muscles post surgery, neurological cases
Electrical stimulation for pain control T.E.N.S. (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) and Microcurrent decrease pain, relieves muscle spasm, may be used to stimulate acupuncture points Pain and edema post surgery, arthritic pain, muscle spasm
Gait training Facilitation of balance and normal gait pattern (forward, backward, turning, uphill, etc.) Lameness, neurological cases, muscle weakness
Heat Hot packs increase blood flow and tissue extensibility, decrease pain, muscle spasm and stiffness Chronic soft tissue injuries, arthritis, muscle spasm
Home Program Educate owners on home modalities, exercise, activity restrictions, etc. Every one of our clients!
Hydrotherapy Standing/walking/exercising in water, swimming in 4' deep pool or 27" deep hot tub, use of "jets" for massage in hot tub. Strengthening with limited weight bearing, endurance training, neurological cases, arthritis, soft tissue injuries
Iontophoresis Use of direct electrical current to deliver ions into tissues - specific chemicals used for various conditions Ex: Salicylate and Cortisone for arthritis, tendonitis, bursitis; Acetic acid for calcium deposits
Joint Mobilization Passive motion of articular surfaces to restore joint mobility, decrease joint pain & stiffness Arthritis, sprains/strains, dysplasia, post surgery when joint is stable
Low Level (cold) Laser Infrared light penetrates deep into the tissue, stimulates cellular energy and metabolic processes which promote healing and tissue regeneration. Wound healing, pain, arthritis, tendonitis/bursitis, sprains/strains inflammation, muscle soreness
Range of Motion Exercises Active or passive motion to stretch and realign soft tissue, circulate joint fluid, encourage normal limb use and restore/maintain joint mobility Arthritis, tendonitis/bursitis, sprains/strains, dysplasia, post surgery when joint is stable, neurological cases
Soft tissue mobilization/ massage Manipulation of superficial and deep soft tissue to prevent and treat adhesions, improve blood flow and muscle flexibility, relax muscle spasm, reduce edema Muscle injuries/spasms, arthritis, tendonitis/bursitis, post surgery for edema, sprains/strains
Strengthening Exercises Active exercise to strengthen/contract muscles: i.e. weight shifting, sit to stand, "dancing" and "wheelbarrow" activities, progressing to resistive exercise with therapy bands or weights Post surgical atrophy, weakness, arthritis, dysplasia, neurological cases, soft tissue injuries
Ultrasound Therapeutic ultrasound can heat deeper tissues, increase tissue extensibility, decrease pain and muscle spasm. Can also be used to deliver topical medications such as cortisone into tissues (phonophoresis) Arthritis, bursitis, tendonitis, muscle spasm, sprain/strains


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